Orthognathic surgery is a surgical approach to correct the structural abnormalities of jaws, face, TMJ (jaw joint) and malocclusions (bad bite) that cannot be easily treated with dental braces. It is also a form of corrective jaw surgery and may be advised for the repair of facial bones and the correction of congenital abnormalities.
An oral and maxillofacial surgeon is the right specialist to treat jaw and facial injuries or defects. To successfully perform jaw surgeries, it is essential to have a deep understanding of the masticatory (chewing) function, masticatory (chewing) muscles, bite relations of upper and lower jaws, dental occlusion, position of the teeth, structures of the temporomandibular joint and the relation of facial muscles to the oral cavity.
Although a facial surgeon or a plastic surgeon has the knowledge about facial structures, only the oral and maxillofacial surgeon can restore the function correctly while treating complex facial injuries of the soft and hard tissues.
An oral and maxillofacial surgeon spends an additional three years to specialize in the structures of the face, mouth and jaws. This advanced training equips the oral and maxillofacial surgeon with the right skills to treat conditions of the face, mouth and jaws at a functional and aesthetic level.
When performed by an experienced and expert oral and maxillofacial surgeon, orthognathic surgeries or corrective jaw surgeries boost the confidence and self-esteem of the patient. Many corrective jaw surgeries or orthognathic surgeries are essential procedures that are carried out to save lives, for example, in facial trauma, tumour-removal and skeletal defects or abnormalities.
Orthognathic Surgical Procedure
Orthognathic jaw surgeries need to be customised to the individual patient’s requirement and vary with the cause and degree of abnormality. Many factors like age, physical health and medical history, are considered before planning a surgery. After an evaluation by the specialist, the success rate and post-treatment results are discussed in detail.
Orthognathic surgeries are performed under general anaesthesia, during which, the bone is cut, moved or modified to enhance function and aesthetics of the patient. The surgery may take few hours depending on the complexity of the condition, to achieve desired results.These surgeries require a hospital stay for 5 – 7 days to ensure regular healing and best results. Post- operative care by the surgeon and team, ensures the patient’s safety, comfort and healing.
Indications for Orthognathic Surgery
Orthognathic surgeries are advised in the following situations:
- Protruding jaws: The forwardly placed upper and lower jaws can be corrected to improve chewing and aesthetics.
- Receding lower jaw or chin: The backwardly placed lower jaw can be corrected to ensure jaw function while chewing. Orthognathic surgeries greatly enhance aesthetics in these cases, improve respiratory function and prevent sleep disturbances.
- Jaw or Facial injuries: Trauma to face or jaws due to accidents, are repaired to regain normal chewing while maintaining the aesthetics.
- Open bite: Open bites associated with or without mouth breathing can be corrected to ensure nasal breathing and improve aesthetics.
- TMJ disorders: Pain or disharmony in the jaw joint can be treated with jaw surgeries.
- Congenital defects: Birth defects such as cleft lip, palate, asymmetry in jaw growth, fusion of joints can be corrected with jaw surgery to improve the quality of life of the individual.
- Jaw Tumours: Cysts or tumours of the jaw are surgically removed to restore health and aesthetics.
The Benefits of Orthognathic Surgeries
- Life-saving: Orthognathic surgeries can save the lives of people who have birth defects associated with the jaws or face, obstructive sleep apnoea, jaw cysts or tumours.
- Improves function and aesthetics: Orthognathic surgeries vastly improve chewing function while enhancing the aesthetics, thus improving the overall health of the patient.
- Save time: Corrective Jaw surgeries can drastically reduce the number of years of treatment with braces for faster and more stable results, when compared to treatment with braces alone.
- Improved quality of Life: Jaw surgeries improve the quality of life by enhancing clarity of speech, reducing sleep disturbances and boosting confidence of an individual.
How Much Does Orthognathic Surgery Cost?
The cost of orthognathic surgery depends on the degree of complexity associated with vital structures of the face and jaw. The cost may also vary with the skill and experience of the oral and maxillofacial surgeon. To learn about the cost, consult the specialist to understand the complexity of your problem.
Why Choose Dinesh’s Dental Paradise?
Our holistic approach towards patient safety and well-being makes us one of the most preferred dental hospitals. We have a dedicated and experienced team with over 95% success rate.
Dr Dinesh K Sharma, oral and maxillofacial surgeon, has 25 plus years of experience and the necessary skill to treat some of the most complex jaw and facial conditions.
Dinesh’s Dental Paradise has an inpatient facility equipped with operation theatre, inpatient beds, recovery room and all the modern amenities. We strictly follow international standard of patient care. We use highest standards for sterilization and digital x-rays for accurate diagnosis.
We are patient-centric and ensure every patient gets personalized care. Our team follow through with patients post-operatively till recovery of the patient.